At 0:00 on April 8, Wuhan, which had been "closed" for 76 days, announced its release, which means that the people across the country have achieved a phased victory in the fight against the epidemic. However, at this time, thousands of kilometers away, Suifenhe, a small border town in Heilongjiang still under ice, was another scene "
Just six hours after Wuhan was unblocked, Suifenhe City re-implemented closed management of all communities, and the Suifenhe version of the shelter hospital is also stepping up construction. As of April 9th, Suifenhe reported that the number of confirmed imported cases from Russia has increased to 151, accounting for more than 97% of the cumulative imported cases in Heilongjiang.
The city of Suifenhe, whose name originated from water, was called "Libinshui" and Supinjiang in ancient times. It was originally called "Suifenhe" in the Qing Dynasty. This northeast outflow river that flows into the Sea of Japan originated at the junction of Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces and is upstream A low-elevation basin is outlined among the mountains. This is where the urban area of Suifenhe is located today. It is only a short walk from Russia in the east, and it is a thoroughfare between the two countries.
Suifenhe City is 16 kilometers east of Pogranich, the Russian port on the opposite bank, only 190 kilometers away from Vladivostok (Vladivostok), the largest port city in the Russian Far East, and only 270 kilometers away from Nakhodka, an important town in the Russian Far East Free Economic Zone. This small border town with a border line of 27 kilometers has two national first-class ports, roads and railways.
From here, the northeast land can be connected to the port groups on the Pacific coast of Russia by land and rail to the east, and then use sea transport to communicate with Russia, Japan, South Korea and the other North American continent, and even with domestic ports in the southern Yangtze River Delta and even the Pearl River Delta.
This magical border town is known as "a city that can speak Russian". This legendary port city was born because of the Sino-Russian traffic, but also prospered from the Sino-Russian trade.
Suifenhe was not a border territory. Before the middle of the 19th century, this small city between white mountains and black waters had always been a paradise for fishing and hunting people. In 1860, the "Sino-Russian Beijing Treaty" was signed, and about 400,000 square kilometers of territory east of the Ussuri River, including Sakhalin Island, was ceded to Tsarist Russia. The mountains to the east of Suifenhe City divide China and Russia, and Suifenhe City has since become the border area between China and Russia.
if芬河不是边境地区。在19世纪中叶之前，这座座落在白色山脉和黑水之间的小城市一直是钓鱼和狩猎的天堂。 1860年，签署了《中俄北京条约》，乌苏里河以东约40万平方公里的领土（包括萨哈林岛）被割让给了沙皇俄国。 Su芬河市以东的山脉将中国和俄罗斯分隔开来，Su芬河市自此成为中俄之间的边界地区。
In 1862, the Russian government renamed Vladivostok to the east of Suifenhe, which means "ruling the east". For Russia, Vladivostok is not only a fulcrum for controlling the east, but also a springboard for northeast Asia to the south. In addition, the Russian Pacific Fleet is stationed here, Vladivostok’s
in order to
At this time, there appeared in the Russian government for the follow-up railway development
Compared with the two, the latter
In the 22nd year of Guangxu (1896), Li Hongzhang of the Qing Dynasty and Tsarist Russia signed the Sino-Russian Mutual Assistance Treaty (referred to as the Sino-Russian Secret Treaty). In exchange for Russia’s support of the Qing government, the Qing government
In August 1898, the so-called "Sino-Russian joint construction" of the Dongqing Railway officially started. The railway line is centered on Harbin, divided into three lines, east, west, and south. The six starting points simultaneously started opposite construction operations.
Among them, the northern trunk line is a Russian-China-Russian connection model. The railway turns from Chita, Russia to the direction of Heilongjiang Province, China, enters China through Manzhouli, passes through Hailar and crosses the Xing'an Mountains, passes Qiqihar along the way, and meets the southern line at Harbin, and then Continue eastward via Mudanjiang to Suifenhe to enter Russia again, connect with the Russian railway in Pogranich, and go eastward to Vladivostok (Vladivostok) to realize the combined transport of iron and water.
The Russian railway has adopted a Russian-made track distance of 1524 mm and connected trunk and branch lines. While shortening the distance between the Russian Far East and Europe, it also greatly strengthened the economic ties between the Russian Far East and Northeast China.
In 1899, Suifenhe Station was established. During the Middle East Railway, it was called Five Stations, which was named after the fifth station in Vladivostok, Russia. The Russians call it "
With the establishment of Suifenhe Station and the outskirts of the “Subsidiary” of Russian Railways around the station, Suifenhe has gradually formed a service railway transportation and border commerce centered on the railway station and customs.
After the Middle East Railway was put into operation, Suifenhe, as the only east port of the Middle East Railway on the Sino-Russian border, has a traffic location advantage that other Northeast cities cannot match. Different from Manzhouli, which only has railroad land port transactions in the west, Suifenhe acts as a "
With the continuous advancement of the industrial revolution in Russia, the construction of Russia's Pacific port group with Vladivostok as the main body and the scale of maritime transportation have been expanding, and the volume of Sino-Russian trade at the Suifenhe port has increased sharply. Produced by Sino-Russian economic and cultural exchanges
Due to its geographical proximity to Russia, the border town of Suifenhe attracted merchants from various countries
In the 1920s, as the Soviet regime after the socialist revolution sought to establish normal relations with China, the rights of the Middle East railway (other than the operating rights) were handed over to the Chinese government. In the economic reforms of the Fengxian warlords, the economy of Suifenhe continued to maintain
In 1920, Suifenhe’s total import and export trade amounted to 1.0328.71 million customs. It has become
In 1927, Suifenhe had a population of more than 20,000, and 200 large and small businesses. "Education, hospitals, telegraphs, and telephones have everything to do" and "has become the center of eastern civilization." The capital flow, material exchange and commodity exchange among East Asian countries have made Suifenhe’s characteristic border geo-economy
This model of transnational personnel exchange centered on Suifenhe has also affected China today.
In 1987, China and the Soviet Union resumed border trade. Suifenhe, which was once silent due to the deterioration of Sino-Soviet relations, prospered again, and border foreign trade has once again become the pillar industry of Suifenhe City.
From 1987 to 2014, the foreign trade volume of Suifenhe Port increased from USD 4.15 million to USD 3.42 billion in 2014, an increase of 82,300%. After the reform and opening up, the Suifenhe Port has developed into a national first-class land port and a national second-class container station. It is also the opening of Heilongjiang Province to the outside world.
During the fifteen years from 2003 to 2017, the proportion of Sino-Russian trade at Suifenhe Port in total Sino-Russian trade has been maintained at more than 40% (even as high as 96.3% in the early stage), which shows that Suifenhe Port is still the entire Sino-Russian trade In trade
Here, superior products such as logs, crude oil, iron ore, and fertilizers from Russia and our clothing, fruits and vegetables, and mechanical and electrical products pass by at the Suifenhe Port, and they can quickly enter the industrial and agricultural production and life fields of both parties.
What goes with the trade in goods is
And in Suifenhe City, the nearest city to Vladivostok, we have an absolutely powerful
After the "One Belt, One Road" plan and the construction of the Northeast Asian Economic Circle were successively proposed, Suifenhe has become the water and land hub and central area of the aforementioned plan.
Today's Suifenhe City is still the largest window in Sino-Russian exchanges. As the situation of prevention and control of the new crown epidemic in Russia is becoming increasingly severe, the people living in this window naturally shoulder the burden of preventing and controlling overseas imports. In this battle without gunpowder smoke, countless medical workers in white clothes and armoured men rushed to the front line immediately, together with the 70,000 people in Suifenhe, to fight the virus outside the country. For the sake of the mountains and rivers, for the peace of the country and the people, the city is silent again. It is expected that when the spring snow melts, this border town under the twilight snow will reappear its former scenery.